Drug candidates with a unique mechanism of action

Gesynta Pharma’s drug candidates utilize a unique mechanism of action to reduce inflammation and pain. By targeting a key enzyme present in local inflammations, our drug candidates decrease the inflammatory process with substantially higher precision than currently available treatments. Read more about our drug candidates and how they work below.

Inhibition of mPGES-1 – a novel anti-inflammatory treatment paradigm

Gesynta Pharma’s drug candidates have a unique ability to selectively inhibit microsomal prostaglandin E synthase (mPGES-1), the enzyme that promotes production of the harmful inflammatory mediator prostaglandin E2 (PGE2). By targeting mPGES-1, the levels of PGE2 decrease, leading to anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving effects.

Vipoglanstat selectively and safely inhibits mPGES-1

Gesynta Pharma develops vipoglanstat (GS-248) – a drug candidate with a unique ability to effectively inhibit the enzyme mPGES-1, which has been proven to play a key role in endometriosis.

mPGES-1 is part of the complex arachidonic acid cascade, where both physiological and pathogenic processes are regulated. It stimulates production of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), a potent biological messenger that has a pronounced impact on inflammation as well as inflammatory pain. It is well documented that endometriotic lesions contain high levels of mPGES-1, which in turn causes an increase in PGE2 levels in the abdominal cavity of the patient.

Development of vipoglanstat

Vipoglanstat has proven preclinical proof-of-concept in an advanced disease model of endometriosis. The results show that the drug candidate markedly reduces the number of endometriotic lesions and has a positive effect on parameters measuring pain and well-being. Its effect on the endometriotic lesions points toward the disease-modifying capability of vipoglanstat.

Vipoglanstat has previously been evaluated in clinical studies in healthy subjects as well as in patients suffering from chronic inflammatory disease. The results show that vipoglanstat can be administered in a patient-friendly way and reaches therapeutic levels in the blood in a short period of time. Importantly, treatment with vipoglanstat has been shown to completely inhibit mPGES-1 in patients with chronic inflammation. No serious side effects were observed during four weeks of treatment and the drug candidate was well-tolerated by the patients.

The compelling results from the preclinical proof-of-concept study of vipoglanstat provide strong support for its analgesic and disease-modifying capacity. Together with data from previous clinical studies regarding the drug candidate's safety profile, pharmacokinetic properties, and ability to inhibit the target enzyme mPGES-1, this constitutes a solid scientific foundation for the continued development of vipoglanstat as an effective non-hormonal treatment for endometriosis. A clinical phase II study in patients with endometriosis is now being prepared.

Intellectual property

Vipoglanstat is protected by composition of matter patents in the most important markets – the United States, Europe, China, Japan – as well as in a number of other countries. In addition to the already approved patents, a patent application was submitted in 2022 covering the use of vipoglanstat in endometriosis, which may strengthen and extend the already granted IP protection.

Projects in other indications: GS-073

In addition to vipoglanstat, Gesynta Pharma's pipeline comprises further mPGES-1 inhibitors, including GS-073. This candidate drug is ready to enter clinical development for the treatment of chronic inflammatory pain, an area of significant medical need. Gesynta Pharma has developed complete preclinical safety documentation and a study protocol for the GS-073 project.

GS-073, which originates from AstraZeneca, has demonstrated a highly effective suppressive effect on both inflammation and pain in a recently conducted preclinical disease model of inflammatory arthritis. The primary objective of the planned phase I study is to study the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetic properties of GS-073 in healthy volunteers as well as its effect on relevant biomarkers. This will provide important knowledge for the planning of the continued clinical program.

Learn more about Gesynta Pharma

Gesynta Pharma bases its R&D on groundbreaking research from the Karolinska Institutet.

Our executive team and board of directors hold vast experience in drug development, commercialization and company scale-up.

Endometriosis is a chronic, inflammatory, estrogen-dependent disease affecting millions of women worldwide.

Our lead drug candidate vipoglanstat is in clinical phase II, while GS-073 is ready to enter clinical phase I.